Slovakia, as well as other European countries in the last decade, tries to increase its innovation effectiveness. One of the tools used to increase the effectiveness and competitiveness is to create a cluster as a form of partnership. The scientifi c work also focuses on the clustering. In the fi rst part of this scientifi c work the theoretical basis and opinions of the authors focusing on clusters and cluster initiatives are shown. The analytical study of creation of Wood-processing Cluster in the region of Banská Bystrica (BBK) is the second part of the scientific work.